Taxon:

Human

Gene:

RB1

Chromosome:

13

Location:

13q14

Description:

Transcript 2B of RB1 is imprinted and paternally expressed whereas the main RB1 transcript shows preferential maternal expression (Kanber D et al, 2009). A DMR (PPP1R26P1) within a 1.2 kb CpG island (CpG 85) within intron 2 of RB1 is derived from a retrotransposition of part of exon 3 and exon 4 of PPP1R26 (KIAA0649). In 5 individuals this CpG island was methylated on the maternal allele and unmethylated on the paternal allele. CpG island 85 contains a novel start exon (2B). Limited evidence suggests paternal expression of the 2B-transcript which is postulated to interfere with the paternal full length RB1 transcript.
Nakabayashi K et al (2011) confirmed maternal methylation of the maternal RB1 allele.

Prickett AR et al (2015) reported hypermethylation of a CpG island (1 kb from the reported DMR) in 13/18 patients with Silver Russell syndrome.

Previous evidence suggested the retinoblastoma gene itself does not appear to be imprinted, but there may be parent-of-origin effects on the transmission of retinoblastoma susceptibility in humans (Naumova A et al, 1994), and in mice (earlier onset of tumours when mutant Rb is paternally inherited) (Nikitin AY et al, 1997). In isolated unilateral retinoblastoma, tumours having loss of the maternally derived RB1 allele had an earlier age of onset than those having paternal loss (Schuler A et al, 2005).
In an unexplained observation, the parental origin of a chromosomal rearrangement near RB affected the NruI restriction enzyme digestion pattern (Blanquet V et al, 1991).
De novo mutations of RB preferentially occur during male gametogenesis - this is not usually regarded as an imprinting effect (see parental origin of de novo mutations section of this database).

Category:

Imprinted genes

Record:

38

Last Modified 1/12/2015

Links:

Gene  OMIM   


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