Taxon:

Human

Gene:

Turner syndrome - Superior temporal gyrus morphology

Chromosome:

X

Location:

Description:

The cognitive phenotype of Turner syndrome (Monosomy X) involves preservation of verbal skills, and some reports suggest TS patients may even show superior skills compared to controls in certain verbal areas (Temple CM and Carney R 1996). Superior temporal gyrus (STG) morphology (an area of the brain involved in language capacities) was assessed in 30 TS patients and 30 age matched controls. The right STG volumes were shown to be significantly larger in TS patients, and differences in STG volumes were larger in patients with a maternally derived X compared to a paternally derived X chromosome (Kesler SR et al. 2003).

Category:

Parental effect

Record:

474

Last Modified 27/11/2003

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